A dental exam, also known as a dental checkup, is an examination of your teeth and gums performed by a dentist or a dental hygienist. Dental checkups are important since they help find periodontal disease, tooth decay, and other oral health issues early.
They also help educate the patients on proper teeth and gum care. These oral exams are done every six months or sooner, according to your dentist’s recommendations. They should begin when a child turns one and continue into senior adulthood. For example, a dental exam by the dentist in Bristol, CT, includes cleaning, x-rays, and a checkup.
When bacteria found in the mouth grow, dental issues like gum disease and tooth decay are inevitable. Professional teeth cleaning gets rid of bacteria that remain even after we brush and floss daily. A deep cleaning by the dentist in Bristol, CT, involves polishing, flossing, rinsing, and fluoride treatment. Apart from removing all bacteria, this procedure includes teeth plaque removal, teeth stain removal, and teeth scaling.
There are four types of dental cleaning.
These are cleanings designed to treat gum disease. Excess plaque and tartar are removed from the tooth surface and gum pockets to prevent gum disease.
This is cleaning healthy teeth to prevent gum disease and tooth decay in them. A dental scaler or a water stream is used to remove plaque and tartar from the back, front, and sides of your teeth.
They are also known as deep cleanings performed on the teeth and gum pockets to treat periodontitis and gingivitis. Teeth scaling removes tartar and plaque from the tooth’s surface and below the gum line and helps reduce gum inflammation.
Root planing helps gums reattach to teeth and get rid of gum pockets by smoothing the tooth roots. This type of cleaning also helps in teeth stain removal.
This is intense teeth cleaning to remove large amounts of plaque and tartar that have hardened over time. After teeth plaque removal, prophylaxis cleaning is done to clean the tooth further.
Dental x-rays are not taken during every exam, but when your dentist feels there’s a need to check the parts of the teeth not visible to the naked eye. They help the dentist identify problems such as cavities, impacted teeth, and tooth decay. Different dental x-rays may be taken during dental exams and cleaning in Bristol, CT. Some of them are:
They are taken once every few years to check the overall oral health.
These are done with your jaw closed to help detect anatomical abnormalities with the palate or floor of the mouth.
The machine that takes the images rotates around your head to check for wisdom teeth or jaw problems.
These are intraoral x-rays often taken to check for cavities between teeth. You bite down on a special piece of paper that allows your dentist to see how your teeth’s crowns match up.
During your routine dental checkup, the dentist will: